Madness and Culture

Anthropology 599

Madness and Culture

College of Social and Behavioral Sciences, NAU

Thursdays, 5:30- 8 pm, Room ANT 110

Spring 2011

Instructor: James M. Wilce, Ph.D.

Phone number and email address: 523-2729;

Office hours: Monday 4-5 pm (Computer Lab, SBS West), Tues. 1-2 pm (my office), Thurs. 4-5

pm (my office), and by appointment

Pre-requisites: ANT 102 or permission of instructor

Course description:

Madness is a generic term that includes behaviors considered deviant. Deviance is always culturally defined, and varies markedly from society to society. Although much evidence points to the universality of conditions like schizophrenia, culture shapes how people experience, and respond to, even that serious disease. In that sense, culture shapes the illness. This course explores varied cultural descriptions and models of madness. It also explores madness as a key cultural symbol, representing various things, such as a profound threat to order. This dimension of the course will take us into literary and film treatments of madness. The course will require student participation in leading seminars, and students will write research papers analyzing case studies in madness and culture.

What is madness and what does it sound like? We will come to no final answers, but still look for ways to better understand “psychotic interaction.” Questions will remain. To what extent is psychiatry a cultural expression involving rituals of its own? What does psychiatric diagnosis (categories and process) tell us about culture? We will examine the nature of sanity and insanity; various cultural representations of madness—in literature and film but also in psychiatry; the social and medical institutions set up to care for those considered mad; and the possibilities and nature of healing. We will try to understand the cultural, personal, and political underpinnings of mental illness and medical practices in societies throughout the world. Can we approach the phenomenology, the subjectivity entailed in madness? What is it like to “hear voices” or to be diagnosed as schizophrenic, or suffer from depression or “soul loss”? How do experiences of madness vary from society to society? How do different cultures construct “normality” and “abnormality”? How do medical diagnoses, psychiatric labels, and the taking of medications influence a person’s identity? What are the ritual, symbolic, experiential, and political dimensions of healing practices in the world today? We will develop comprehensive ways to think about these questions by reading a range of anthropological and ethnographic studies alongside perspectives from psychiatry, history, sociology, and literature. We will not take madness for granted but see it as a sign in various semiotic systems and thus we will ask why “madness” appears so often as a metaphor, and whether “madness” and “rationality” form our sense of “self” and “nonself.” These questions imply the centrality of madness in any culture insofar as cultural processes guide “experience” and specify its outer limits.

Class format: Seminar—student-facilitated discussions of readings and films. In and out of class we will also analyze discourse surrounding madness, starting with Hamlet and transcripts from recent trials involving an insanity defense.

Evaluation Method: I will evaluate your performance based on your participation in and leading of weekly discussions, your critical/integration papers, and your final research paper. Participation points will also reflect your engagement in another sort of in-class work, analyzing transcripts.

I generally find that students get the most out of course readings, films, and discussions when they write a series of critical-integration papers. So, you will be asked to write five papers on the readings and films, from two to four pages (double-spaced) in length. These essays should be clearly written, grammatically correct, and free of spelling errors. Carefully follow the guidelines for writing these papers provided at the end of this syllabus.

Required Texts:

Capps, Lisa, and Elinor Ochs. 1995. Constructing Panic: The Discourse of Agoraphobia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. (Referred to in the syllabus as Panic)

Desjarlais, Robert R. 1997. Shelter Blues: Homelessness and Sanity in a Boston Shelter. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. (Referred to in the syllabus as Shelter)

Foucault, Michel. 1973. Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. New York: Vintage. (Referred to in the syllabus as Civilization)

Ribeiro, Branca Telles. 1994. Coherence in Psychotic Discourse. New York: Oxford University Press. (Referred to in the syllabus as Coherence)

Santiago-Irizarry, Vilma. 2001. Medicalizing Ethnicity: The Construction of Latino Identity in a Psychiatric Setting. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. (Referred to in the syllabus as Medicalizing)

Sass, Louis Arnorsson. 1992. Madness and Modernism: Insanity in the Light of Modern Art, Literature, and Thought. New York, NY: Basic Books. (Referred to in the syllabus as Modernism). Order online

Steele, Ken , and Claire Berman. 2002. The Day the Voices Stopped: A Schizophrenic’s Journey from Madness to Hope: Basic Books. (Referred to in the syllabus as Voices)

Recommended Readings:

Jenkins, Janis Hunter, and Robert J. Barrett, eds. 2003. Schizophrenia, Culture, and Subjectivity: The Edge of Experience. New York: Cambridge University Press. (Referred to in the syllabus as Edge)

Sechehaye, Marguerite, Grace Rubin-Rabson, and Renée. 1994. Autobiography of a Schizophrenic Girl: The True Story of “Renee”. New York: Meridian/ Penguin.

Watters, Ethan. 2009. Crazy Like Us: The Globalization of the American Psyche. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Required Readings online:

You will be required to read articles and chapters from Cline’s webreserves for this course.

Plus readings on Vista

Grading system

Grades will be assigned for participation and writing on a 100 point total:

1. Participation — 30 points

2. Critical integration papers — 30 points

3. Final research project — 40 points

Presentation — 10 points
Paper — 30 points

Grading Scale:
90+ =A
80+ =B
70+ =C


Week 1, Jan. 20 Introduction: Culture and Madness

In-class exercises— Ophelia, Moussaoui Transcript;

Questions: Where do we see culture in these?


Week 2, Jan. 27, Diverse Models of Madness: Possession, Trance, Religion, and


In class: Devi

Saints, Introduction, pp. 1-26

Coker, Elizabeth M. 2004. The Construction of Religious and Cultural Meaning in Egyptian Psychiatric Patient Charts. Mental Health, Religion & Culture 7(4):323-347.

Edgerton, Robert. 1966. Conceptions of Psychosis in Four East African Societies. American Anthropologist 68:408-425.

25+24+17 = 66


Barrett, Robert J. 1988 Interpretations of Schizophrenia. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry 12:357-388.

Nasar, Sylvia 2001. A Beautiful Mind. Touchstone Books.

Padel, Ruth 1981 Madness in fifth-century (B.C.) Athenian tragedy. In Indigenous psychologies. Pp. 105-131. London: Academic Press. GN512.I52

Shaked, Michal. 2005. The Social Trajectory of Illness: Autism in the Ultraorthodox Community in Israel. Social Science & Medicine 61(10):2190-2200.

Week 3, Feb. 3—No class (Van leaves for CLIC Conference in Los Angeles)

Week 4, Feb. 10, Anthropological Perspectives on Madness & Psychiatry ctd., Diverse Models of Madness (ctd.); Psychiatry Meets Anthropology (First paper due—on Weeks 2-3 readings)

Medicalizing, 1-12 (Introduction); 88-115 (The “Mother Tongue” and the “Hispanic Character”).

Becker, Alton L. 1979. Text-building, Epistemology, and Aesthetics in Javanese Shadow Theatre. In The Imagination of Reality. A.L. Becker and A. Yengoyan, eds. Pp. 211-243.

Norwood, NJ: ABLEX.

12+28+32= 71


Goffman, Erving 1961. The Moral Career of the Mental Patient pp. 1-124, and On the Characteristics of Total Institutions, pp. 125-170. In Asylums. New York: Anchor.

Week 5, Feb. 17, Analyzing Discourse vis-à-vis “Mental Illness”

View Girl Interrupted

News Media and comments surrounding the January 2011 Tucson Shootings

Modernism Ch. 7, pp. 213-241, Loss of Self.

Gaines, Atwood. 1992. From DSM-I to DSM-R; Voices of Self, Mastery and the Other: A Cultural Constructivist Reading of U.S. Psychiatric Classification. Social Science and Medicine 35:3-24.

Waxler, Nancy. 1974. Culture and Mental Illness: A Social Labeling Perspective. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 159:379-395.

28+21+16= 65


Edge, Hopper, Kim 2004. Interrogating the Meaning of “Culture” in the WHO International Studies of Schizophrenia. Pp. 62-86. E-book available at Cline:

Jenkins, Janis H. 1998. Diagnostic Criteria for Schizophrenia and Related Psychotic Disorder: Integration and Suppression of Cultural Evidence in DSM-IV. Transcultural Psychiatry 35(3):352-376.

Pilgrim, David. 2005. Defining mental disorder: Tautology in the service of sanity in British mental health legislation. Journal of Mental Health 14(5):435-443.

Wilce, James M. 2004a. Language and Madness. In Companion to Linguistic Anthropology. A. Duranti, ed. Pp. 414-430. Malden, MA.: Blackwell.

Week 6, Feb. 24 Discourse as Sign of Health or Madness (Second paper due—on reading for weeks 4-5)

View on your own I Shot Andy Warhol

Coherence, ch 1, Coherence in Psychotic Talk, 3-20

Coherence, ch 2, About the Psychiatric Interviews, 21-48

Coherence, ch 3, Analyzing Discourse: Frame and Topic Coherence, 49-76

Coherence, ch 8, Toward Listening, 237-244.

Madness, Ch. 6, Languages of Inwardness, pp. 174-212

17+27+27+7+38= 116

Week 7, Mar. 3, Panic and talk

Panic Chapter 1 “The Agony of Agoraphobia” (pp. 1-12), Chapter 2 “In her own words” (pp. 13-25), chapter 3 “Telling Panic” (pp. 23-62), chapter 10 “Socializing Anxiety” (pp. 153-172), chapter 11 “Therapeutic Insights” (pp. 173-192). 103 pages

In class: View The Rhythm of Human Interaction

Week 8, Mar. 10, Discourse, Expression, Interaction, and Madness; Paragraphs due on your final paper topic

Edge, Pp. 196-218. To “Speak Beautifully” in Bangladesh: Subjectivity as Pa\gala\mi. (Wilce)

Gratier, Maya. 2003. Expressive Timing and Interactional Synchrony Between Mothers and Infants: Cultural Similarities, Cultural Differences, and the Immigration Experience.

Cognitive Development 18:533-554.

Shelter, pp. 1-58

Swartz, Sally, and Leslie Swartz 1987 Talk about Talk: Metacommentary and Context in the Analysis of Psychotic Discourse. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry 11(4):395-415.

Young, Alan. 1995. The Technology of Diagnosis. Ch. 5 (pp. 145-175) in The Harmony of Illusions: Inventing Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

58 +20 + 30 =108


ET, pp. 72-76, 224-232

Anderson, Neil. 1980. Singing Man. Tiburon, CA: H. J. Kramer. Pp 7-17, 213-4

Condon, William S., and W. D. Ogston 1966 Sound film analysis of normal and pathological behavior patterns. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 143:338-347.

__________1967. A segmentation of behavior. Journal of Psychiatric Research:221-235.

Duranti, Alessandro 1997 Linguistic Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ch. 5 on transcribing talk and movement, Ch. 8, Conversational Exchanges [on Conversation Analysis], 244-280


Week 9, Mar. 24, Living with Madness: Phenomenology, Semiotics, and Narrative (Third paper due—on reading for weeks 6-8)

View Clean, Shaven


Shelter, pp. 159-222

Corin, Ellen. 1990. Facts and Meaning in Psychiatry. An Anthropological Approach to the Lifeworlds of Schizophrenics. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 14:153-188.



Jenkins, Janis Hunter. 1997. Subjective Experience of Persistent Schizophrenia and Depression Among US Latinos and Euro-Americans. British Journal of Psychiatry 171:20-25.

Robbins, Michael 2002 The Language of Schizophrenia and the World of Delusion. International Journal of Psychoanalysis 83(2):383-405.

Strauss, John S. 1994 The Person with Schizophrenia as a Person II: Approaches to the Subjective and Complex. British Journal of Psychiatry 164(Supplement 23):103-7.

Week 10, Mar. 31, Madness, Modernity, and Modernism in Culture, the Arts, Philosophy;

Outline due of final paper with bibliography

View Reign Over Me on your own

Modernism, ch. 1, Introduction; ch. 2, The Truth-Taking Stare; ch. 10, World Catastrophe; ch. 11, Paradoxes of the Reflexive,—pp. 13-74, 300-353



Modernism, Epilogue, Schizophrenia and Modern Culture, 354-373.

Edge, pp. 303-328. Negative Symptoms¼in the Modern Age. (Sass)

Lucas, Rodney H. , and Robert J. Barrett. 1995. Interpreting Culture and Psychopathology: Primitivist Themes in Cross-Cultural Debate. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 19: 287-326.

Pandolfo, Stefania 2000 The Thin Line of Modernity: Some Moroccan Debates on Subjectivity. In Questions of Modernity. T. Mitchell, ed. Pp. 115-147. Contradictions of Modernity, Vol. 11. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.

Week 11, April 7, Anti-Psychiatry and Feminist Critiques of Psychiatry

In class: Scenes from One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest

Edge, pp. 282-302. Subject/Subjectivities in Dispute: The Poetics, Politics, and Performance of First-Person Narratives of People with Schizophrenia (Estroff).

Malady, 145-164 (Feminism and Hysteria: The Daughters’ Disease)

Szasz, Thomas. 1991. The Insanity Plea and the Insanity Verdict. In Ideology and Insanity: Essays on the Psychiatric Dehumanization of Man. T. Szasz, ed. Pp. 98-112. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.

20+19+14= 53

Week 12, April 14, Relativizing Psychiatry and Anthropology (5th paper due—on reading for weeks 11-12)

View Empathy

Read Civilization—The class as a whole will read the whole book; division of labor to be decided in the previous week. (320 mini-pages)


Connor, Linda. 1982. Ships of Fools and Vessels of the Divine: Mental Hospitals and Madness, A Case Study. Social Science and Medicine 16:783-794.

Rhodes, Lorna. 1992. The Subject of Power in Medical/Psychiatric Anthropology. In Ethnopsychiatry, edited by A. Gaines, pp. 51-66. Albany: SUNY Press.

Yen, Jeffery, and Lindy Wilbraham. 2003. Discourses of Culture and Illness in South African Mental Health Care and Indigenous Healing, Part I: Western Psychiatric Power. Transcultural Psychiatry 40(4):542-561.

Week 13, Apr. 21, Madness, Culture, and Religion;

Mehta, Gita. 1993 A River Sutra. Chapters 6-8 (pp. 99-148). Concentrate on “The Executive’s Story,” pp. 108-137. New York: Doubleday.

Obeyesekere, Gananath. 1985 Depression, Buddhism, and the Work of Culture in Sri Lanka. In Culture and Depression: Studies in the Anthropology and Cross-Cultural Psychiatry of Affect and Disorder. A. Kleinman and B. Good, eds. Pp. 134-152. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Skultans, Vieda. 1987. Management of mental illness among Maharashtrian families: A case study of a Mahanubhav healing temple. Man 22(4):661-679.

49+18+18= 85


Edge, pp. 238-252. Symptoms of Colonialism: Content and Context of Delusion in Southwest

Nigeria, 1945-1960 (Sadowsky).

Cohen, Carl I.. 1993. Poverty and the Course of Schizophrenia: Implications for Research and Policy. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 44(10):951-8.

Drennan, Gerard , Ann Levett, and Leslie Swartz 1991 Hidden dimensions of power and resistance in the translation process: a South African study. Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry 15(3):361-381.

Saris, A Jamie. 1996. Mad Kings, Proper Houses, and an Asylum in Rural Ireland. American Anthropologist 98(3):539-554.

Wilce, James. 2000. The Poetics of “Madness”: Shifting Codes and Styles in the Linguistic Construction of Identity in Matlab, Bangladesh. Cultural Anthropology 15(1):3-34.

2008 Scientizing Bangladeshi Psychiatry: Parallelism, Enregisterment, and the Cure for a Magic Complex. Language in Society 37(1):91-114.

Watters, Ethan. 2007. Suffering Differently: We assume that trauma victims everywhere are likely to experience PTSD. But what if we’re wrong? The New York Times, August 12, 2007: 4 pp.

Watters, Ethan. 2010. The Americanization of Mental Illness. The New York Times, January 8, 2010: 20 pp.

Week 14, April 28,

Madness and Law (Focus on “The Insanity Defense: Evolving American Culture”);

Case Study: Eric Clark (Flagstaff, Arizona) (6th paper due—on reading for weeks 13-14);

Garland, David. 1990. Punishment and Culture (Chapter 9). In Punishment and Modern Society: A Study in Social Theory. D. Garland, ed. Pp. 193-211. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Perlin, Michael L. 1997. “The Borderline Which Separated You From Me”: The Insanity Defense, the Authoritarian Spirit, the Fear of Faking, and the Culture of Punishment. Iowa Law Review 82:1375-1426.

Slobogin, Christopher. 2003. The Integrationist Alternative to the Insanity Defense: Reflections on the Exculpatory Scope of Mental Illness in the Wake of the Andrea Yates Trial. American Journal of Criminal Law 30(3): Just read 315-318.

Sable Umphrey, Martha Merrill. 1999. The Dialogics of Legal Meaning: Spectacular Trials, the Unwritten Law, and Narratives of Criminal Responsibility. Law and Society Review 33(2):393-423.



Kleinman, Arthur, and Joan Kleinman. 1985. Somatization: The Interconnections in Chinese Society among Culture, Depressive Experiences, and the Meanings of Pain. In Culture and Depression: Studies in the Anthropology and Cross-Cultural Psychiatry of Affect and Disorder. Pp. 429-490. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Marsella, Anthony J. 2003. Cultural Aspects of Depressive Experience and Disorders (Unit 9, Chapter 4). In Online Readings in Psychology and Culture. W.J. Lonner, D.L. Dinnel, S.A. Hayes, and D.N. Sattler, eds. Bellingham, Washington: Center for Cross-Cultural Research, Western Washington University. (One page excerpt)

O’Nell, Theresa. 1996. Introduction. In Disciplined Hearts: History, Identity, and Depression in an American Indian Community. T. O’Nell, ed. Pp. 1-13. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Skultans, Vieda. 2003. From Damaged Nerves to Masked Depression: Inevitability and Hope in Latvian Psychiatric Narratives. Social Science & Medicine 56(12):2421-2431.

Urban, Gregory. 2001. Metaculture: How Culture Moves through the World. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Chapter 1, “The Once and Future Thing,” pp. 1-40.

Case Study: Abraham Lincoln

Shenk, Joshua Wolf. 2005. Lincoln’s Great Depression. The Atlantic Monthly. 296(3) (October 2005): 52-68.

Silverstein, Michael. 2003. Death and Life at Gettysburg. In Talking Politics: The Substance of Style from Abe to “W”. M. Silverstein, ed. Pp. 33-62. Chicago: Prickly Paradigm Press (distributed by University of Chicago).

Week 15, May 5, Presentations of your research

Week 16, May 12, Final papers due

Final paper

Your final papers should entail original research. Paper topics must be worked out with me by the mid-point of the semester if not earlier. Original fieldwork is always exciting, but of course requires IRB approval. Analyzing tapes and transcripts already in the public domain means you could skirt that procedure. These would include transcripts of the trials of Zacarias Moussaoui and Ted Kaczynski (the Unabomber), together with media coverage. It is possible to find a paper topic in relation to the many films available for our use at Cline Media. As an example of such a paper, you might discuss links between the film Crazy in Alabama, other films, and the Poe short story, The Telltale Heart. Papers about links (e.g. a paper about metacultural phenomena surrounding madness tracing links between some cultural materials) should find links that are as concrete and clear as possible.

Your biweekly papers and your final papers should be in AAA format. Note that the “bibliographic citations” in this syllabus are NOT (in order to save space). ). The final paper will require a bib. in AAA format, but you should not waste paper on a bib. for the biweekly response papers unless you cite sources not assigned in class. The Hopper reading (Week 5) is an example of AAA format, as is Wilce in Week 7. Here is AAA in-text citation format— (Einstein 1948: 223). Note, never punctuate between author and date, and never insert p. or pp. before pages cited. Similarly, never insert editor’s names in citations. Save all such info for your References Cited.

Leading discussions

1. Each class session will consist of a group discussion based on a collection of readings. You are required to attend each class having read the assigned readings and being ready to discuss them. Take separate notes on the readings and bring notes and readings with you to class.

2. You will be responsible for co-facilitating some of the class discussions. Each required reading will be assigned to at least one student who will be expected to lead the discussion on it. In preparing for the discussions you will facilitate, write a one-sentence précis of the argument, cutting out everything but what the author is trying to persuade us to see, believe, do, etc. Keep in mind that we are discussing several readings relating to a theme; so look for common or contrasting threads that run through each week’s readings, common questions that those readings address as a unit. Formulate 2-3 questions on “your” reading that help us see the contrasting approaches of the authors to a similar phenomenon. Never ask questions whose answers must be looked up on a particular page or for definitions of a term unique to one page of one source. Instead, let your questions point us to concepts popping up in more than one source (treated differently), concepts that will nearly always be central to or memorable in the arguments the authors make.

Remember, the quality of any seminar depends mostly on how well participants prepare prior to coming to class. This involves not only reading the assigned materials but also thinking critically about the issues that they raise. You are expected to attend—and be on time—every week; the seminar format requires it. If you anticipate being away, please notify me in advance for the sake of the smooth functioning of the seminar. 

Writing Critical/Integration Papers

These 4-5 page critiques will be your way of integrating and responding to the readings. Since the aim of these papers is to help you integrate and think critically about the readings as a whole, never!!! write “one paragraph per reading” as an method of organizing the paper. Rather, integrate—form paragraphs according to topics you perceive cutting across the readings. Sometimes it will be appropriate in your papers to cumulatively draw on the various perspectives of authors you read over the course of the semester. You should prepare for this paper (and for the seminar) by writing a one-sentence précis of each author’s argument (so, e.g., four précis sentences for four authors) and then finding themes that crosscut. Your papers should touch on the main contribution of each reading to our understanding of the week’s (or semester’s) theme, not on supporting points (subarguments or data). Find differences between authors and take sides, arguing that one perspective is more logical and/or better supported (with evidence) than another. Again, organize each paragraph of every paper by a theme, not by an author. I am looking for evidence that you have gone beyond parroting to be able to compare and contrast perspectives. Write concisely. Do not quote at all. Obviously you need to accurately represent the gist of each author, and to do so you might need to cite a page # for a specific idea. In fact, whenever you get a particular idea from a particular author, try to nail down the page where that idea is best represented and cite it in anthropological citation style (author’s last name date: page) e.g. (Einstein 1941: 243).

Other readings


Barrett, Robert J. 1998. The ‘Schizophrenic’ and the Liminal Persona in Modern Society. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 22(4):464-503.

Burnham, John C. 1980 Psychotic Delusions as a Key to Historical Cultures: Tasmania, 1830- 1940. Journal of Social History.

Caminero-Santangelo, Marta. 1998 The madwoman can’t speak, or, Why insanity is not subversive. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Felix Guattari 1977 Anti-Oedipus : capitalism and schizophrenia. Translated from the French by Robert Hurley, Helen R. Lane, and Mark Seem. New York: Viking Press.

Farnell, Brenda M. 1994 Ethno-Graphics and the Moving Body. Man 29(4):929-974.

Gilbert, Sandra M., and Susan Gubar. 2000 The madwoman in the attic: the woman writer and the nineteenth-century literary imagination. New Haven; London: Yale University Press.

Halliburton, Murphy. 2005. “Just Some Spirits”: The Erosion of Spirit Possession and the Rise of “Tension” in South India. Medical Anthropology 24(2):111-144.

Jenkins, Janis H. 1991 . The 1990 Stirling Award Essay: Anthropology, Expressed Emotion, and Schizophrenia. Ethos 19(4):387-431.

Kraepelin, Emil. 1921. Dementia Praecox. Ch. 5 of Lectures on Clinical Psychiatry. New York: The Macmillan Company, pp. 219-275.

Leudar, Ivan 2001 Voices in history. Critical Social Studies 3(1):5-18.

Littlewood, R. 1984. The imitation of madness: the influence of psychopathology upon culture. Social Science & Medicine 19(7):705-15.

Luis, Keridwen 1997 The Language of Madness: Words, Culture, and the Boundaries of Sanity in the Works of Diane DiMassa, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and Sylvia Plath. Feminista 1(5). 45 pp of MS.

Martin, Emily 2001        Rationality, Feminism, and Mind. In Feminism in Twentieth-Century Science, Technology, and Medicine. A. Creager, E. Lunbeck, and L. Schiebinger, eds. Pp. 214-227. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Ochs, Elinor, Olga Solomon, and Laura Sterponi. 2005. Limitations and Transformations of Habitus in Child-Directed Communication. Discourse Studies 7(4-5):547-583.

Romanucci-Ross, Lola 1983        On madness, deviance and culture. In The Anthropology of medicine. L. Romanucci-Ross, ed. Pp. 267-283. New York: Praeger.

Scheper-Hughes, Nancy. 2000. Ire in Ireland. Ethnography 1(1):117-137?

Wilce, James. 2000. The Poetics of “Madness”: Shifting Codes and Styles in the Linguistic Construction of Identity in Matlab, Bangladesh. Cultural Anthropology 15(1):3-34.

Wilce, James. 2004c. Madness, Fear, and Control in Bangladesh: Clashing Bodies of Power/Knowledge. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 18(3):357-375.


Deacon, Harriet. 1996. Racial Segregation and Medical Discourse in Nineteenth-Century Cape Town. Journal of Southern African Studies 22(2):287-308.

Ernst, Waltraud. 1995. ‘Under the Influence’ in British India: James Esdaile’s Mesmeric Hospital in Calcutta, and Its Critics. Psychological Medicine 25:1113-1123.

Ernst, Waltraud. 1997. Idioms of madness and colonial boundaries: the case of the European and “native” mentally ill in early nineteenth-century British India. Comparative Studies in Society and History 39(1):153-181.

Fisher, Lawrence E. 1985 Colonial Madness: Mental Health in the Barbardian Social Order. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Mills, James H. 2000. Madness, cannabis and colonialism: The ‘native only’ lunatic asylums of British India, 1857-1900. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

O’Nell, Theresa. 1996. Introduction, Chs. 4-6, and Afterward, pps. 1-14 and 110-215 of Disciplined Hearts: History, Identity, and Depression in an American Indian Community. Berkeley: UC Press.

Sadowsky, Jonathan Hal. 1999 Imperial bedlam: institutions of madness in colonial southwest Nigeria. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Swartz, Leslie. 1991. The Politics of Black Patients’ Identity: Ward-Rounds on the ‘Black Side’ of a South African Psychiatric Hospital. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 15:217-244.

Vaughan, Megan. 1993. Madness and colonialism, colonialism as madness: Re-reading Fanon—colonial discourse and the psychopathology of colonialism. Paideuma 39:45-55.

Vaughan, Megan. 1983. Idioms of madness: Zomba lunatic asylum, Nyasaland, in the Colonial Period. Journal of Southern African Studies 9:218-238.


Shelter, 117-120

ET: ch 11 and pp. 46, 108, 123


Geertz, Hildred. 1968. Latah in Java. Indonesia 5:93-104.

Simons, Ronald C. 1985. The Resolution of the Latah Paradox. In The Culture-Bound Syndromes. R. C. Simons and C. Hughes, eds. pp. 43-62. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.

Low, Setha 1994. Embodied Metaphors: Nerves as Lived Experience. In Embodiment and Experience. T. Csordas, ed. pp. 139-162. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Goffman, Erving 1961. The Moral Career of the Mental Patient pp. 1-124.. and On the Characteristics of Total Institutions, pp. 125-170 [the latter section is recommended]. In Asylums. New York: Anchor.

Rosenhan, D.L., 1973. On Being Sane in Insane Places. Science 179 (January):250-58.


Martínez-Hernáez, Angel 2000 What’s Behind the Symptom? On Psychiatric Observation and Anthropological Understanding. Amsterdam: Gordon & Breach (Harwood Academic Publishers).

Film Resources:

A series of films will be available for viewing, analysis, and potential final paper topics. These will include The World of Abnormal Psychology. Program 9, The Schizophrenias (VT 2453), Shine (DVD 22 ), A Brilliant Madness (VT23), A Beautiful Mind (DVD 366), Dialogues with Madwomen (VT 5345), The Emperor’s New Clothes (DVD 396), Girl Interrupted (DVD 397), Devi (VT 8656), One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest ( VT 1880), Titicut Follies, Le Roi de Coeur (King of Hearts) ( VT 1679 ), Mujeres al Borde de un Ataque de “Nervos” (Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown [troubling translation]) (VT 1503 ), Crazy in Alabama (DVD 398), and Latah, A Culture-Bound Syndrome from Indonesia. Most of these films will be available at Cline’s Media Center.

The Secret Window

Dirty Filthy Love

What Dreams May Come

Reign Over Me

I Am Sam

Donnie Darko

Me, Myself and Irene


I Shot A ndy W arhol

Elvira Madigan

Sheer Madness


Girl on the Bridge


The Keys to the House

The Last King of Scotland

Legend of Rita

The Lovers on the Bridge

M for Mother

My Name is Walter Cross

White Sound

I Never Promised You a Rose Garden

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